The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a freely accessible database of highly authentic, precise, and explicit measures of patient-reported health status for physical, mental, and social well-being. It helped in the standardization of the patient-reported outcomes. It was developed by National Institute of Health (NIH) to collect and document the data regarding the patient’s health and well-being (Douglas M. Lawson, 2011). It combines the recent advances in technology and information and generates results that are qualitative, cognitive, psychological, and psychometric. The wide use of the tool involves answering health-related questions in the form of surveys. The tool is used to measure the frequency and occurrence of symptoms of pain, fatigue, physical functioning, emotional and psychological problems, and social issues. The social issues involve the effects that are derived from the social role and position of the patient. PROMIS covers a wide range of domains; from chronic diseases to the emotional aspects that may fall under the categories of the social and psychological domain.
The tool measures what the patients feel by asking a set of questions and suggest the main area of the problem. The data that has been collected is then used to suggest a more efficient therapy and intervention. On the other hand, the tool is also used as an aid by clinicians to understand the pathological conditions of the patients efficiently. One of the major benefits of the tool is that it improves and enhances the communication between the patient and the clinician by pinpointing symptoms in a more concise and clear manner.